Archives de catégorie : Colloque

COLLOQUE INTERNATIONAL/ PRODUCTIVE MOUNTAINS. LANDSCAPES, ACTORS, FLOWS, PERSPECTIVES

Du 20 au 23 juin a eu lieu le colloque international « Productives mountains. Landscapes, actors, flows, perspectives. », organisé par Rete Montagna et IUAV à Venise et en Val Comelico, Dolomites.

Caterina Franco  a présenté son travail intitulé « Between product and resource : the transformation of landscape in the history of ski resorts in the French-Italian Alps »

 

 

 

Résumé :

The proposed contribution deals with the production of a landscape by the development of tourist activity in the highlands of the French-Italian Alps. We refer to landscape as to a synergy between the natural features of a site and the work of man on it (Turri, 2001) and we focus the attention on the evolution of this relationship after the implantation ex-nihlo of cities for leisure and sports occurred after the Second World War.
The trajectory of this evolution is characterized by an initial  massive exploitation of the environmental elements of the site like snow or pastures; a breaking point after the oil crisis in 1973 and some winters without snow, that demonstrated how the availability of those natural elements was not unlimited; finally, evidences of strategies adopted to face external changes, like huge modification of sites for production of artificial snow or, in some cases, the enhancement of alternative natural features to enlarge the tourist offer.
The main objective of the research is to provide a new knowledge of the historical process of design and construction of alpine ski resorts, shifting from the analysis of autonomous and decontextualized objects, towards the enquire on the transformations that occurred to the natural environment, (using water, soil and vegetation as indicators) and to the built environment (considering the changings in the system of infrastructure).
Basing on the idea that the comprehension of the historical process helps in understanding the response that these sites are giving towards the actual critical issues, the research also wants to provide tools for the actors engaged in the reflection on the future of ski resorts. Understanding the relationship between the tourist activity and the elements of the natural landscape could open the way to a reflection of them as territorial resources (Gumuchian, Pecqueur, 2007).
The contribution proposes a case study analysis of La Plagne, in Savoy (France) and San Sicario in Piemonte (Italy). Trough documents collected in the archives of architects or in municipal archives, we analyse the projects to understand the evolution of ideas; through historical maps or orthoimages we study the effective transformation of the territory. Drawing and cartography are the principal tools used to retrace the changing of the landscape, together with the production of systemic timelines to understand the network of actors and urban tools that contributed to the modification of land.
Landscape is a crucial aspect in the reflection on the future of the high-altitude ski resorts. Indeed, on one side, landscape features could play an important role in the process of diversification of the tourist offer, on the other hand, natural resources will increasingly be considered in the elaboration of post-carbon scenarios.
The research also seems to suggest that both the history and the strategies that could be implemented are “site specific”: rather than proposing general models, a deep understanding of each context could help in revealing its potentialities and vulnerabilities.

> Pour plus d’informations sur ces journées : Le programme

COLLOQUE INTERNATIONAL/ TOURISCAPE. TRANSVERSAL TOURISM AND LANDSCAPE

Les 8-9 et 10 février a eu lieu le colloque « Touriscape» à Torremolinos (Malaga).

Caterina Franco  a présenté son travail intitulé « Ski resorts in the Alps: questioning the concept of natural resource through the history of a landscape ».

 

Résumé :

OBJECT OF THE RESEARCH

The proposed contribution deals with the role of landscape in the history and future of the ski resorts built at a high altitude in the French Italian Alps. We refer to landscape as to a synergy between the natural features of a site and the work of man on it (Turri, 2001) and we focus the attention on the evolution of this relationship after the implantation ex-nihlo of cities for leisure and sports occurred after the Second World War.

The trajectory of this evolution could be defined by the succession of three moments: at first, a massive exploitation of the environmental elements of the site like snow (the primary motor of the investment) or pastures (a reserve of buildable soil); secondly, a breaking point after the oil crisis in 1973 and some winters without snow in the eighties, that demonstrated how the availability of those natural elements was not unlimited; finally, evidences of strategies adopted to face external changes, like huge modification of sites for production of artificial snow or, in some cases, the enhancement of alternative natural features to enlarge the tourist offer.

STATE OF THE ART AND RESEARCH CONTRIBUTIONS

The long-term future of ski resorts is uncertain for different causes, both structural (like the aging of the dwellings facilities or of the infrastructure) and circumstantial (like climate change, a shortening of the duration of the tourist’s stay or a shift in the global economic situation). Some research centres both in France and in Italy are now working on this topic, from different disciplines1. In general, geographers and economists underline the necessity to study the ski resorts in continuity with territory and on a scale proper to analyse its relation with the context (François, 2007; Marcelpoil, Billet, François, 2010).

1 Like the IRSTEA or the LabEx ITEM, based in Grenoble (FR) or the Università della Montagna, in Edolo (IT).

In the field of architectural research, ski resorts have been considered mostly as autonomous settlements, the result of a colonization of the mountain by the urban world (Zanzi, 2004). Through an archival research we mobilize documents that have not been explored yet, and that enables us to shift from the analysis of decontextualized objects towards the enquire on the transformation of a landscape.

OBJECTIVES

The main objective is to provide a new knowledge of the historical process of design and construction of alpine ski resorts. We include, in the research, the study of the transformations that occurred to the natural environment, selecting some indicators like water, soil and vegetation and to the built environment, analyzing the changes in the system of infrastructure.

We explore the hypothesis that the comprehension of the historical process helps in understanding the response that these sites are giving towards the actual critical issues. The research is thus meant to provide tools for the actors engaged in the reflection on the future of ski resorts. Understanding the relationship between the tourist activity and the elements of the natural landscape could open the way to a reflection of them as territorial resources (Gumuchian, Pecqueur, 2007).

METHODOLOGY

The contribution proposes a case study analysis of La Plagne, in Savoy (France) and San Sicario in Piemonte (Italy), using different kinds of sources. Trough documents collected in the archives of architects (Laurent Chappis, Michel Bezançon) or in municipal archives we analyse the projects (built or non-built) to understand the evolution of ideas; through the analysis of historical maps or orthoimages we study the effective transformation of the territory.

Drawing and cartography are the principal tools used to retrace the changing of the landscape, together with the production of tables and timelines to understand, for each step, the network of actors and urban tools that contributed to the modification of land, considering the ski resort as a tourist system (Tissot, 2004).

PREVIOUS CONCLUSIONS

Landscape is a crucial aspect in the reflection on the future of the high-altitude ski resorts. Indeed, on one side, landscape features could play an important role in the process of diversification of the tourist offer, on the other hand, natural resources will increasingly be considered in the elaboration of post-carbon scenarios, as claimed by the policies of the transition énergétique.

The research also seems to suggest that both the history and the strategies that could be implemented are “site specific”: rather than proposing general models, a deep understanding of each context could help in revealing its potentialities and vulnerabilities.

> Pour plus d’informations sur ces journées : Le programme

Colloque international / Pensée décentralisatrice et projet de territoire, au XXe siècle

Colloque international

Pensée décentralisatrice et projet de territoire, au XXe siècle

9-10 novembre 2017
ENSAG – Amphi Simounet

Après une première journée « Pensée décentralisatrice et projet de territoire » organisée en décembre 2016, le laboratoire organise un colloque international intitulé « Pensée décentralisatrice et projet de territoire, au XXe siècle ». Il se tiendra à l‘ENSA Grenoble les 9 et 10 novembre 2017, en amhi Simounet.

Continuer la lecture de Colloque international / Pensée décentralisatrice et projet de territoire, au XXe siècle

Colloque international / Living in America: Frank Lloyd Wright, Harlem & Modern Housing

Le 29 septembre 2017, Catherine Maumi a été invitée à présenter ses recherches sur le projet de Broadacre City de Frank Lloyd Wright lors du colloque international « Living in America: Frank Lloyd Wright, Harlem & Modern Housing » organisé par le Museum of Modern Art, The Temple Hoyne Buell Center for the Study of American Architecture, et The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York.
Sa communication « Broadacre City Versus the ‘Slum Solution' » pointait des questions développées dans son ouvrage Frank Lloyd Wright Broadacre City, la nouvelle frontière, paru aux Editions de la Villette en 2015.
 
 > Pour plus d’informations : le programme

Colloque / (Dé)construire la ville : saisir la décroissance urbaine comme opportunité

Le colloque Dé)construire la ville : saisir la décroissance urbaine comme opportunité. Comment ? Pourquoi ? Pour qui ? se tiendra les jeudi 5 et vendredi 6 octobre à l’ENSA de Saint-Etienne. Il est organisé conjointement par le programme de recherche Altergrowth (V. Béal, dir.), l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Saint‐Etienne, les laboratoires EVS (UMR 5600), Triangle (UMR CNRS 5206) et l’Université Jean Monnet Saint‐Etienne.
Dans le cadre de ce colloque, Catherine Maumi animera la session 5 « Déconstruire la ville en décroissance : une diversité d’expérience », dans laquelle Charline Sowa interviendra pour parler de son travail de recherche.
Présentation du colloque : 
Les villes décroissantes sont devenues un objet d’études et de recherches central dans la dernière décennie. Sur la base de phénomènes, plus ou moins combinés, de décroissance démographique et de déclin économique, ces dynamiques se sont étendues à des villes de tailles diverses et de spécialisation économique autre qu’industrielle à tel point que le phénomène de déclin urbain est parfois qualifié de structurel, une fois replacé dans les puissantes logiques du processus de métropolisation.

Dans un contexte où la décroissance devient une figure de l’urbain, comment penser l’adaptation des villes à leur nouvelle taille en contexte métropolisé ?

En invitant chercheur.e.s, praticien.ne.s, étudiant.e.s et productrices et producteurs de l’urbain, le comité d’organisation du colloque souhaite mettre en débat les questionnements suivants :

La décroissance urbaine peut-elle constituer une opportunité pour la ville et ses habitants, pour des acteurs à même de la concevoir comme telle et non pas seulement comme une perte, plus ou moins irrémédiable, de vitalité et d’atouts ? A quelles conditions ? Quels obstacles conceptuels, sociaux, économiques, politiques ? Quels écueils et risques ?

Quelles sont les pratiques et politiques mises en place pour déconstruire les villes ?Comment nommer les actions pensées et mises en oeuvre pour accompagner la décroissance ? A quelles conditions la dé-construction peut-elle « faire » un autre projet urbain ? Quels sont – ou plutôt seraient – les outils techniques et financiers de la dé-construction – re-construction ? Quels acteurs sont susceptibles de se mobiliser ? Quelles expériences sont à l’oeuvre aujourd’hui et dans quels contextes ?

Comité d’organisation : 

Jean-Luc BAYARD (ENSA de Saint-Etienne), Vincent BEAL (Université de Strasbourg, UMR SAGE), Pauline CHAVASSIEUX (ENSA de Saint-Etienne, EVS), Julie COLOMBIER (ENSA de Saint-Etienne), Jean-Michel DUTREUIL (ENSA de Saint-Etienne, GRF Transformations), Jörn GARLEFF (ENSA de Saint-Etienne, GRF Transformations), Georges GAY (Université de Saint-Etienne, EVS), Rachid KADDOUR (ENSA de Saint-Etienne, GRF Transformations), Frank LE BAIL (ENSA de Saint-Etienne, GRF Transformations), Christelle MOREL JOURNEL (Université de Saint-Etienne, EVS), Valérie SALA PALA (Université de Saint-Etienne, TRIANGLE), Charline SOWA (MHAevt, ENSA Grenoble)