Charline Sowa a présenté son travail de recherche dans le cadre du congrès AESOP 2015 – Definite space – fuzzy responsibility à Prague les 13-14-15 et 16 juillet 2015, organisé par l’association AESOP, par la Faculty of Architecture (CTU) de Prague et la Slovak Technology University de Bratislava. Elle est intervenue dans la session 7 qui avait pour thème : dealing with urban and rural decline: interplay of actors and responsibilities.
Résumé de l’intervention
THE ROLE OF THE ARCHITECT AND HIS DECISION-MAKING POWER IN THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS OF SHRINKING CITIES. Learning from two French experiences
In France, the process of shrinkage is particularly visible in old industrial cities, in small cities and villages in rural regions. But today, the process begins also to affect small urbanareas. The impact of this process on lands, buildings, uses and landscape asks local stakeholders to act and architects to adapt his thought of space and project at this new urban condition.
Until now, the architect answered commands which integrated in urban policies for revitalizing the territory, transforming the image of the city and attracting new populations and new investors. In this way, some cities developed flaghship projects and invited often a “starchitect” like : Saint- Etienne with “la cité du design”, Lens and the Louvre museum, or Saint-Dizier and its project of urban renewal in the historical centre. Today, with more knowledge of the process, local stakeholders searches new alternatives to transform the urban environment for maintaining inhabitants and improving their wellbeing. The architect has an important role in this new position.
This communication will focus on the importance of the architect in the transformation of the urban environment, his influence on the decisional power of local authorities and his capacity to propose new forms of collaboration between local stakeholders and inhabitants. Two characteristic projects will be study : the project « îlot Franche- Amitié » at Saint-Etienne and the urban study “Habiter les centres-bourgs” (Living in center- villages) proposed by the Parc Naturel Régional of Livradois-Forez.